Produced Water

  • Schematic illustration of underwater antifouling behavior of GO coated PA surface in the process of oil/water emulsion separation. (I) oil droplets in contract with GO coated membrane surface,
  • (II) accumulation of oil droplets and release of big oil droplets, and (III) GO coated PA membrane after water flushing/cleaning. The top-right graph predicts the possible surface configuration after coating GO flakes.